Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei, Kosrae

The FSM is an independent nation encompassing over 600 high islands and atolls comprising 270 square miles and spanning 1,600 miles east to west across the western Pacific Ocean.  The islands are politically organized among four states associated with the four main island groups of Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei, and Kosrae. 

Human Habitation and Biodiversity

The region was settled by people several thousand years ago and evidence indicates the islands supported much higher population densities than at present with sophisticated agroforestry and fisheries management systems, many of which are still practiced at smaller scales today.  The region is culturally and linguistically diverse and considered a biodiversity hotspot for its both marine and terrestrial ecosystems.

Yap Fires: 2016 – 2020 (credit Julian Dendy, USFS)
Yap, May 2014. Fire Self Extinguished at Forest Edge (Credit: Clay Trauernicht)

Human-caused Fire and Ecological Effects

Fire-prone savannas occupy each of the main high islands in the FSM to varying extents and are derived from a long history of intentional burning by people.  These savannas consist largely of native grasses, ferns, and shrubs and are interspersed among tropical forests and agroforests, forming complex, mosaic landscapes. 

Seasonal and Climate Variability

Yap, the westernmost high island in the FSM, has the largest expanses of savanna vegetation and fires occur annually during the dry season from January to May.  Savanna extent declines along with rainfall seasonality moving eastward towards Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae, but extensive fires have been reported from these moister regions during extreme drought conditions such as occur during El Niño events. 

Annual rainfall by month for Yap, Chuuk, and Pohnpei. Data from Western Regional Climate Center.
Pohnpei, Kosrai, Chuck Land Cover

Yap Wildfires

The US Forest Service’s Pacific Island Research center’s Julian Dendy has mapped the extent of wildfires from 2016 – 2022.

Recent Resources for the Western Pacific

Presentation: Western Pacific Needs Assessment and Network (2022)

October 18, 2022

The Hawai`i Wildfire Management Organization presented a new on-going project, the “Western Pacific Needs Assessment and Network” to the Pacific Fire Exchange program’s quarterly steering committee meeting in October, 2022.

Presentation: Guam’s Wildfire Outlook (2022)

April 19, 2022

Christine Fejeran, Guam Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Soil Resources Division describes the wildfire threats to ecosystems and people on Guam, the on-going education challenges, and hopes for the future.…

Dynamics of Anthropogenic Wildfire on Babeldaob Island (Palau) as Revealed by Fire History

April 13, 2022

Read Article Here  Fire Ecology & Effects, Fire History, Western Pacific, Palau Dendy et al. compile the fire history mapping (2012 – 2021) for Babeldaob Island, Palau which reveals that…